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Students from Rice University in Texas developed a low cost technology which helps small and sick babies breathe. Using a shoe box and an aquarium pump, these students created the Pumani bCPAP prototype that, at 1/10 of the traditional CPAP cost, is now providing life saving technology in many hospitals throughout Malawi. With USAID support, a clinical trial demonstrated that the Pumani bCPAP increases newborn survival rates by 27 percent. 3rd Stone Design, a California based company, now manufactures and exports the device. This lower cost innovation is being scaled up across other countries around the globe.

This blog is part of the HNN collection, Telling Your Story: transforming care for small and sick newborns. If you have a story to share about transforming care for small and sick newborns, send a 300-600-word blog about your experience or research to

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